By: Hilary Rodela, Lead Digital Content Writer for Taction, USA
Crime scene analysis differs from crime scene processing. There are particular elements of both that cross each other, however, they are still overall different types of investigation. Crime scene processing refers to the focus of the physical scene itself and the physical aspects encompassed within that scene. Crime scene analysis takes those physical aspects and places them into the reason behind those attributes.
Crime scene analysis began as a profession around the 1960s and the 1970s. The FBI and their Behavioral Science Unit, were among the first to truly implement this way of thinking and investigation into casework. Essentially, crime analysis as a whole assists with profiling a perpetrator.
When you take the physical aspects of the scene and input that information into a more analytical perspective, you can begin to see how particular evidence at a scene denotes particular behavior.
For instance, if you are working a burglary scene, and the house is not ransacked but a few, specific items are missing and no fingerprints are left behind, we can deduce a few points. We can assume the suspect knew where the item they stole was already and they were organized enough to bring gloves. These clues may help investigators find that perpetrator more quickly before they strike again.
Every aspect of investigation is important, and when you learn both the physical and analytical side of people and places it can bring your case together beautifully.